/ The isotope plutonium-238 /
The demon core was a 6.2-kilogram subcritical mass of plutonium measuring 89 millimetres in diameter. The core was slated for use in a third World War II nuclear bomb, but remained in use for testing after Japan’s surrender. It was designed with a small safety margin to ensure a successful explosion of the bomb. The device briefly went supercritical when it was accidentally placed in supercritical configurations during two separate experiments intended to guarantee the core was indeed close to the critical point. The incidents happened at the Los Alamos laboratory in 1945 and 1946, and resulted in the acute radiation poisoning and subsequent deaths of scientists Harry Daghlian and Louis Slotin.
After these incidents the spherical plutonium core was referred to as the “demon core“.
The blue flash was clearly visible in the room although it (the room) was well illuminated from the windows and possibly the overhead lights. The total duration of the flash could not have been more than a few tenths of a second. Slotin reacted very quickly in flipping the tamper piece off.
It consisted of three parts: two plutonium-gallium hemispheres and a ring, designed to keep neutron flux from “jetting” out of the joined surface between the hemispheres during implosion. The core of the device used in the Trinity nuclear test at the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range in July did not have such a ring. The demon core was intended to be used in the Operation Crossroads nuclear tests, but after the critically accident, time was needed for its radioactivity to decline and for it to be re-evaluated for the effects of the fission products it held, some of which could be very poisonous to the desired level of fission. The next two cores were shipped for use in Able and Baker, and the demon core was scheduled to be shipped later for the third test of the series, provisionally named Charlie, but that test was cancelled due to the unexpected level of radioactivity resulting from the underwater Baker test and the inability to decontaminate the target warships.
The core was later melted down and the material recycled for use in other cores.
– OTHER CONCEPTS –
Lux Aurumque (“Light and Gold”, or “Light of Gold”) is a composition in one movement by Eric Whitacre. An American Grammy Award-winning composer and conductor. “Virtual Choir” projects, bringing individual voices from around the globe together into an online choir.
Piano suite by one of the most prominent music figures, French composer Claude Debussy (1890). Debussy commenced the suite in 1890 at age 28, but he did not finish or publish it until 1905.
Composed by Harry Gregson-Williams, a British composer, orchestrator, conductor, and music producer.
Composed by German composer, and big band leader James Last, from same named album Biscaya (1981). He is well known for his ”happy music”. Became an international success in interpretations by Andy Williams and Petula Clark.
The Israeli national anthem (instrumental), written by Naphtali Herz Imber, a Jewish poet from Zolochiv, Ukraine (1877). He wrote the first version of his poem while being hosted as a guest by a Jewish scholar in the city of Iasi, Romania.
Originally published in 1853 as Méditation sur le Premier Prélude de Piano de S. Bach. Performed by Aaron Neville, an American R&B and soul singer.
Song by the American dream pop singer Julee Cruise. The instrumental version of the song, performed by Badalamenti, won a Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance at the 32nd Grammy Awards.
Composed by Greek composer Vangelis, composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, pop rock, and orchestral music. He is best known for his Academy Award-winning score for the film Chariots of Fire Melodie from Albedo 0.39 and Cosmos.
Composed by Daniel Licht, an American film composer and musician. Licht’s eclectic musical tastes and knack for delivering the appropriate cue made his transition to film scoring inevitable.
Song by Modèle Mécanique. Minimal wave, minimal synth and french.
Brian Eno is an English musician, composer, record producer, singer, and visual artist, known as one of the principal innovators of ambient music.
Instrumental song written for tv series Miami Vice. The Crockett refers to Don Johnson’s character. The song was composed by Jan Hammer.
A music theme from the movie ”A Beautiful Mind”, composed by James Roy Horner, an American composer, conductor, and orchestrator of orchestral and film music. He is noted for the integration of choral and electronic elements in many of his film scores.
From the The Trinity Session is a 1988 album by Cowboy Junkies. Blue Moon Revisited was originally released on ”It Came from Canada”, Vol. 4, a compilation of Canadian independent bands which is both a cover and an original, combining a new song by the band “Blue Moon”.
Song by Irish musician Enya, originally released as the second track on her 1991 album Shepherd Moons. The song mentions the Anemoi (Ancient Greek wind gods): Boreas, Afer Ventus (Africus), Eurus, and Zephyrus.
An instrumental theme written and recorded by Vangelis for the soundtrack of the 1981 film of the same name. “Chariots of Fire” has become somewhat synonymous with the Olympic Games. It was the official theme for the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.
Accordion and piano driven music of Yann Tiersen. Soundtrack from the movie ”Amélie”. Yann Tiersen is a French musician. Recognized by distinctive sound, use of a large variety of instruments; primarily the guitar, synthesizer or violin together with other.
Originally a yiddish poem (lullaby) by Itzik Manger. The title means “On the Road Stands a Tree.” It tells the story of a boy who wants to become a bird so he can comfort a lonely tree during the winter, but his mother is worried that he’ll freeze in the cold weather.
From album Everything is Wrong, the third studio album by American electronica musician Moby, released in 1995. Everything is Wrong was released with a limited edition bonus disc of ambient music.
The Red Carpet is an original soundtrack song from World of Goo video game, composed by Kyle Gabler.
Composed and recorded by Irish singer Enya. Enya donated the earnings from the sale of that single to the Uniform Firefighters Association’s Widows’ and Children’s Fund to help the families of fire fighters in the aftermath of 9/11.
Jerusalem of Gold (ירושלים של זהב) is Israeli song written by Naomi Shemer in 1967. The original song described the Jewish people’s 2000-year longing to return to Jerusalem. Shemer added a final verse after the Six-Day War to celebrate Jerusalem’s re-unification.
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Mike Volpe professionally known as Clams Casino, is an American hip hop producer. Clams Casino’s official debut EP, Rainforest, was released in 2011. I’m God is track from the television movie Lost in the New York (1989).
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ויכלו השמים והארץ וכל צבאם. ויכל אלהים ביום השביעי מלאכתו אשר עשה. וישבת ביום השביעי מכל מלאכתו אשר עשה. ויברך אלהים את יום השביעי ויקדש אותוכי בו שבת מכל מלאכתו אשר ברא אלהים לעשות
This is the instrumental version of the song “The Way” originally featured on the album The Way. Music composed, orchestrated, and mixed by Zack Hemsey. Audio mastered by Lou Hemsey @ Lou Hemsey Music and Film.
Electronic transcription of Henry Purcell’s Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, composed in 1695, for the procession of Queen Mary’s cortège through London en route to Westminster Abbey. A Clockwork Orange soundtrack.
Piyut for Havdala service famous throughout great Sephardic Jewish Communities of the Balkans. Musicians are Stefan Sablic – vocals, Elad Gabbay – kanun, Srdjan Djordjevic – doublebass, Shira utfila.
Triarii is a martial industrial and dark ambient music group from Germany.
The lyrics for the song are taken from Psalm 137:5-6, saying: If I Forget Thee Jerusalem.
The Belly of an Architect is written and directed by Peter Greenaway, featuring original music by Glenn Branca and Wim Mertens.