Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter. It is a gas giant with an average radius about nine times that of Earth. Although only one-eighth the average density of Earth, with its larger volume Saturn is just over 95 times more massive. Saturn is named after the Roman god of agriculture; its astronomical symbol represents the god’s sickle. Saturn has a prominent ring system that consists of nine continuous main rings and three discontinuous arcs and that is composed mostly of ice particles with a smaller amount of rocky debris and dust. Sixty-two moons are known to orbit Saturn, of which fifty-three are officially named. Titan, Saturn’s largest moon, and the second-largest in the Solar System, is larger than the planet Mercury, although less massive, and is the only moon in the Solar System to have a substantial atmosphere.
The cosmic voice of Saturn
Known since the most ancient times as Saturnius Mons, seen as a god of generation, dissolution, plenty, wealth, agriculture and periodic renewal. In later developments he came to be also a god of time. His reign was depicted as a Golden Age of plenty and peace. The Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum housed the state treasury. In December, he was celebrated at what is perhaps the most famous of the Roman festivals, the Saturnalia, a time of feasting, role reversals, free speech, gift-giving and revelry. Saturnalia was an ancient Roman festival in honour of the deity Saturn, held on 17 December of the Julian calendar and later expanded with festivities through to 23 December. The holiday was celebrated with a sacrifice at the Temple of Saturn, in the Roman Forum, and a public banquet, followed by private gift-giving, continual partying, and a carnival atmosphere that overturned Roman social norms: gambling was permitted, and masters provided table service for their slaves.
Robert Hooke, 1666
In ancient Hebrew, Saturn is called Shabbathai (שבתי). Its angel is Cassiel (Caphziel ,קפציאל) and its intelligence or beneficial spirit is Agiel (אגיאל). His darker aspect is Zazel (זזל). In Jewish mysticism and Mesopotamian mythology, Cassiel is associated with the planet Saturn and the direction north. He is the controller of the moon. In the magical text ”Berit Menucha” (ברית מנוחה), Cassiel is associated with kefitzat haderech (קפיצת הדרך), the ability to travel quickly through space. Ancient Hebrew amulets bearing his name are used to drive away one’s enemies. The words on the charm are written with the blood of a bird and then tied to the foot of a dove. The dove is then set to flight, taking one’s enemy with it. Should the bird refuse to fly, it is a sign that one’s enemies won’t depart either. Archangel Cassiel can also be called: Casiel, Cassel, Castiel, Cas, Cass, Casitiel, Castael, Mocoton, Kaziel, Kafkiel, Qafsiel, Qaphsiel, Qaspiel, Quaphsiel.
Gustav Davidson writes that Qafsiel is described as the ruler of the seventh heaven in 3 Enoch. However, Odeberg’s edition only states in a footnote that Qafsiel is:
One of the guardians of the door of the seventh Hall.
NASA’s Cassini spacecraft began the last chapter of its 20-year mission to Saturn. Diving deeper into Saturn’s rings than ever before, scientists hope that the data from Cassini’s final orbits will help to improve our understanding of the giant ringed planet. The probe’s last act will be to plunge itself into the planet’s atmosphere, where it will burn up and become part of the planet itself.
Described in ”Hekhalot Rabbati” (Greater Hekhalot ההיכלות רבתי, The Hekhalot literature) as a guardian of the palace, armed with a lightning-dripping sword (which shouts “Ruin!”) as well as a bow, tempests, light, and powerful winds — weapons which he uses against anyone not fit to see God. Later described in the same work as one of three “guardians of the entrance of the seventh palace“, alongside Dumiel (דומיאל) and Gabriel (גבריאל). ”Sefer Raziel” (ספר רזיאל המלאך) lists Qephetzial as the prince of Saturn. The Zohar describes Kafziel as one of the two chief aids to Gabriel.
In rabbinic literature, the Kabbalah is the only text to relate the identity of angels with souls. Tradition differs as to how many classes of angels exist although all relate the number of angel classes to the heavens in a one-to-one ratio. One of the older and most common views, divides angels into seven classes. Another tradition states that there are only three true archangels and only three heavens. And then there is a third tradition, combining the two aforementioned for a total of ten classes of angels. Yet another theory relates the names of the archangels to the planets.
In such works as the ”Key of Solomon” (Mafteah Shelomoh, מפתח שלמה), it says:
It serveth to invoke the Spirits who are under the Firmament.
Lux Aurumque (“Light and Gold”, or “Light of Gold”) is a composition in one movement by Eric Whitacre. An American Grammy Award-winning composer and conductor. “Virtual Choir” projects, bringing individual voices from around the globe together into an online choir.
Piano suite by one of the most prominent music figures, French composer Claude Debussy (1890). Debussy commenced the suite in 1890 at age 28, but he did not finish or publish it until 1905.
Composed by Harry Gregson-Williams, a British composer, orchestrator, conductor, and music producer.
Composed by German composer, and big band leader James Last, from same named album Biscaya (1981). He is well known for his ”happy music”. Became an international success in interpretations by Andy Williams and Petula Clark.
The Israeli national anthem (instrumental), written by Naphtali Herz Imber, a Jewish poet from Zolochiv, Ukraine (1877). He wrote the first version of his poem while being hosted as a guest by a Jewish scholar in the city of Iasi, Romania.
Originally published in 1853 as Méditation sur le Premier Prélude de Piano de S. Bach. Performed by Aaron Neville, an American R&B and soul singer.
Song by the American dream pop singer Julee Cruise. The instrumental version of the song, performed by Badalamenti, won a Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance at the 32nd Grammy Awards.
Composed by Greek composer Vangelis, composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, pop rock, and orchestral music. He is best known for his Academy Award-winning score for the film Chariots of Fire Melodie from Albedo 0.39 and Cosmos.
Composed by Daniel Licht, an American film composer and musician. Licht’s eclectic musical tastes and knack for delivering the appropriate cue made his transition to film scoring inevitable.
Song by Modèle Mécanique. Minimal wave, minimal synth and french.
Brian Eno is an English musician, composer, record producer, singer, and visual artist, known as one of the principal innovators of ambient music.
Instrumental song written for tv series Miami Vice. The Crockett refers to Don Johnson’s character. The song was composed by Jan Hammer.
A music theme from the movie ”A Beautiful Mind”, composed by James Roy Horner, an American composer, conductor, and orchestrator of orchestral and film music. He is noted for the integration of choral and electronic elements in many of his film scores.
From the The Trinity Session is a 1988 album by Cowboy Junkies. Blue Moon Revisited was originally released on ”It Came from Canada”, Vol. 4, a compilation of Canadian independent bands which is both a cover and an original, combining a new song by the band “Blue Moon”.
Song by Irish musician Enya, originally released as the second track on her 1991 album Shepherd Moons. The song mentions the Anemoi (Ancient Greek wind gods): Boreas, Afer Ventus (Africus), Eurus, and Zephyrus.
An instrumental theme written and recorded by Vangelis for the soundtrack of the 1981 film of the same name. “Chariots of Fire” has become somewhat synonymous with the Olympic Games. It was the official theme for the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.
Accordion and piano driven music of Yann Tiersen. Soundtrack from the movie ”Amélie”. Yann Tiersen is a French musician. Recognized by distinctive sound, use of a large variety of instruments; primarily the guitar, synthesizer or violin together with other.
Originally a yiddish poem (lullaby) by Itzik Manger. The title means “On the Road Stands a Tree.” It tells the story of a boy who wants to become a bird so he can comfort a lonely tree during the winter, but his mother is worried that he’ll freeze in the cold weather.
From album Everything is Wrong, the third studio album by American electronica musician Moby, released in 1995. Everything is Wrong was released with a limited edition bonus disc of ambient music.
The Red Carpet is an original soundtrack song from World of Goo video game, composed by Kyle Gabler.
Composed and recorded by Irish singer Enya. Enya donated the earnings from the sale of that single to the Uniform Firefighters Association’s Widows’ and Children’s Fund to help the families of fire fighters in the aftermath of 9/11.
Jerusalem of Gold (ירושלים של זהב) is Israeli song written by Naomi Shemer in 1967. The original song described the Jewish people’s 2000-year longing to return to Jerusalem. Shemer added a final verse after the Six-Day War to celebrate Jerusalem’s re-unification.
Hans Zimmer is a German film composer and music producer and he has composed music for over 150 films. Zimmer’s works are notable for integrating electronic music sounds with traditional orchestral arrangements. Named on the list of Top 100 Living Geniuses.
Mike Volpe professionally known as Clams Casino, is an American hip hop producer. Clams Casino’s official debut EP, Rainforest, was released in 2011. I’m God is track from the television movie Lost in the New York (1989).
Berry Sakharof (Hebrew: ברי סחרוף) is an Israeli rock guitarist, songwriter and singer. Sakharof is one of Israel’s most popular and critically acclaimed musicians. He is nicknamed “the prince of Israeli rock”.
ויכלו השמים והארץ וכל צבאם. ויכל אלהים ביום השביעי מלאכתו אשר עשה. וישבת ביום השביעי מכל מלאכתו אשר עשה. ויברך אלהים את יום השביעי ויקדש אותוכי בו שבת מכל מלאכתו אשר ברא אלהים לעשות
This is the instrumental version of the song “The Way” originally featured on the album The Way. Music composed, orchestrated, and mixed by Zack Hemsey. Audio mastered by Lou Hemsey @ Lou Hemsey Music and Film.
Electronic transcription of Henry Purcell’s Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, composed in 1695, for the procession of Queen Mary’s cortège through London en route to Westminster Abbey. A Clockwork Orange soundtrack.
Piyut for Havdala service famous throughout great Sephardic Jewish Communities of the Balkans. Musicians are Stefan Sablic – vocals, Elad Gabbay – kanun, Srdjan Djordjevic – doublebass, Shira utfila.
Triarii is a martial industrial and dark ambient music group from Germany.
The lyrics for the song are taken from Psalm 137:5-6, saying: If I Forget Thee Jerusalem.